Gostivar is city in the northwestern part of Macedonia with 35,847 inhabitants (2002).
Gostivar lies in Upper Polog plane, where they significant traffic routes intersect. With the capital Skopje via Tetovo is connected by the highway, which as the main road M-4 continues to Kicevo and Ohrid.
From Gostivar trough Mavrovo and Radika valley, leads the regional road Debar and Struga.
Gostivar is an important station on the railway line Skopje - Kicevo.
Gostivar lies on the left side of the Vardar River at an altitude of 550 meters. It covers a total area of 804 ha.
The climate in the city is moderate continental. The average annual air temperature is 10,7 ° C (51.26F). Main hydrographic object is Vardar river and its source Vrutok from where the city is supplied with water.
The first historical data indicate that in the beginning the city was a rural settlement, which had formed around the Gostivar monastery. This name is mentioned in a charter of Emperor Dusan 1331-1340 year, stated as the village on Velika Reka (Great River - Vardar). Since then and until the XVIII c. about Gostivar little is known. In the following centuries, especially in the XIX c., Gostivar has developed as a commercial center of the upper Polog. Then it became a small city with mixed ethnic structure. The population consisted of Macedonians, Turks, Albanians, Roma and a small number of Vlachs. In the eighties of the XIX c. it becomes miderlak and begins to develop as an administrative center. This function has been enhanced in 1900 when from miderlak is turned into a Cadillac. Whithin gradually settled Tetovo and Veles merchants and Prizren, Kichevo, Krusevo craftsmen forming the Gostivar Bazaar.