Other part of the population, mostly ethnic Macedonians settled far north in Pannonian lowland. This was the main reason why according to the traveler-writer Bozur, the city in XVIII century had only 5 – 6000 population.
In XIX century the city of Skopje starts to develop again and in the middle of the century it already became major trade center.
According to some sources in that time it had population of ~20.000, which in 1900 become 31.900.
Between the two world wars, Skopje was administrative center of “Vardarska banovina” in the former kingdom of Serbs, Croatians and Slovenes (SHS).
From Bulgarian and German occupation Skopje is liberated on 13th November 1944, and within the first Government of Federal Macedonia is proclaimed, with Skopje as capital, as part of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Skopje, Macedonia old photos
On July 26, 1963 the city was struck by another disaster, powerful earthquake which demolished 80% of the buildings in the city and 1.070 people died.
Thanks to the effort of the population and non-selfish help from all citizens of Yugoslavia, United Nations and 87 world countries, the city of Skopje was build again.
Skopje earthquake photos and postcards
With the collapse of Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia, Republic of Macedonia gained its independence on 8th September 1991.
According to the census in 2002 Skopje has population of 467.257, among which 332.778 people from Macedonian ethnic entity, 71.483 from Albanian ethnic entity, 23.202 Romany, 14.251 Serbs, 8.549 Turks, 6.465 Bosnjaks, 2.546 Vlachs and 7.983 have declared themselves as Rest.
The city of Skopje is administrative-territorial divided on 10 municipalities which occupy total area of 57.146 hectares, with 52 populated places.
Due its convenient geo position, the historical circumstances and the big population, today Skopje is most developed economic, cultural, educayional and political center in Republic of Macedonia.
In Skopje, more than third of the total industry in Republic of Macedonia is located, with the companies like:
Ironworks Skopje, OHIS from the chemical industry, the refinery OKTA, Alkaloid the pharmaceutical factory, USJE concrete factory and others.
In Skopje are located numerous political, social, cultural, educational and health institutions, like the St. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts, many scientific institutions and museums like: The Museum of Macedonia, Archeological, Ethnological, Historical and museum of natural sciences, Museum of city of Skopje, Museum of contemporary art, several art galleries, theaters and libraries.
The capital of Macedonia Skopje has also many cultural heritage objects as a witness of the rich and turbulent past, among which the antique city Skupi, Kale (the Skopje fortress), The Stone bridge, The Skopje aqueduct, the Old Bazaar, Church St. Spas (Holy Salvation), numerous mosques and monuments from the second world war.
In the surrounding of Skopje also exist several cultural heritage monuments, among which St.Pantelejmon in v. Nerezi (1164), Marko’s monastery south pof v. Susica, monastery St. Nikita in v. Banjani, St. Andrej on the coast of lake matka, the church St. Arhangel and Gavril above village Kuceviste, church St. Nikola in v. Ljuboten and others.