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Bitola (Битола) city, Macedonia

Bitola is the second-largest city in the Republic of Macedonia, located in the south Eastern part.

Placed on both sides of Dragor River in the Pelagonia Plain, beneath the Baba mountain the city occupies 2.245 hectares of area. According to the 2002 census Bitola has a population of 74.550.

 

Center of culture, Bitola, Macedonia

 

With the other parts of Macedonia, Bitola is connected with the M5 Road (Ohrid – Bitola – Prilep) and the train station in Bitola, which through Prilep and Veles, connects Bitola with the capital Skopje.

 

Sirok Sokak, Bitola, Macedonia

By air, Bitola is connected with the world through Ohrid and Skopje airport. Ohrid Airport is 75 (46.6 miles) km distant from Bitola and the Skopje Airport 160 km (99.4 miles).
Bitola has a moderate continental climate with an average yearly temperature of 11 C (51.8 F) and average year rains of 600 mm.

 

History of Bitola

Bitola Heraclea Lyncestis

South of Bitola in one of its suburb lays the antique city Heraclea Lyncestis, build by Philip II of Macedon, father of Alexander the Great and king of Macedon from 359 BCE until 336 BCE. Heraclea Lyncestis was an important strategic city in Ancient Macedonia but also in Roman time, lying on the famous Via Egnatia road which connected the city of Byzantium (later Constantinople, now Istanbul) with the Adriatic Sea.

The modern city of Bitola was erected by the Slavs and they gave the city the name – Obitel, which means habitat or living place with many monasteries.

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The city by its current name is mentioned for the first time in 1014 as an Episcopal center during the rule of Tzar Samoil (976 – 1018).

During the whole middle ages, especially in XIII and XIV century, Bitola became an important trade center in Pelagonia.

 

bitola old monastiri

 

In 1382 the city of Bitola was captured by the Turks, who ruled in Macedonia until the Balkan wars in 1912.

In the middle of the XV century, Bitola became an important economic and cultural center of European Turkey and the capital of “Moastir nahi”, an administrative area in that time that had more than 150 populated places.

 

bitola sirok sokak old

 

In 1492 escaping from the inquisition in Portugal and Spain, about 90,000 Jews came to the Balkans, from which 700 settled in Bitola. The Jews in Bitola in the time of the Turkish rule, preserved all of their ethnic marks, living in the city concentrated in one space – a ghetto which was established in the space behind today’s “Health home”.

The famous traveler-writer Evliya Celebi (1611 – 1682) had visited Bitola in 1662 and noted that the city (then called Monastiri) had ~ 3.000 small and big houses, grouped in 21 neighborhoods, a bazaar with 900 shops and a covered bazaar (Bezisten).

At the beginning of XIX with the destruction of Moscopole by Ali Pasha of Yannina (1740 – 1822) the Aromanian population from this city fled from the region, and a significant number of Vlachs had settled in Bitola. This resulted in a great expansion of Bitola in the areas of commerce and trade.

In 1835 the city had a population of about 40.000 and in the middle of XIX the stationing of a large number of Ottoman army in Bitola, resulted in increased craftsman and trade with more than 2.000 shops and 140 different trades.

 

Bitola Macedonia old photos

18 Old Bitola

 

Bitola as a military center had also increased the foreign presence of consuls from the neighboring countries and Europe’s major powers. Due to this, Bitola gained the epithet as “Bitola – The City of Consuls” a synonym used in modern days also.

The construction of railway Thessaloniki – Bitola in 1894, resulted in further development of trade in the city and the emergence of the first industrial capacities.

The Balkan wars 1912-1913 and especially the First World War, brought great destruction and misery in the city of Bitola. In the First World War (WW1), Bitola lied on the actual Macedonian front line and the city was bombarded daily during 1917. Many experts claim that Verden and Bitola (than Monastir, Monastiri in some sources) were the two most bombarded cities in WW1.

 

bitola old monastiri ww1 sirok sokak

 

Between the two world wars, with Macedonia as part of the kingdom of Serbs, Croatians, and Slovenes, Bitola lost its strategic importance and expansion momentum, but also for the first time in its history the further development of Bitola was planned, according to urban development strategy.

In 1948 Bitola had a population of 31.761 and in 1991 in Bitola lived 84.002 people. In the following year, there is an evident decline in the population due to the declined birth rate and emigration of the population in other countries. According to the 2002 census in Bitola lived 74.550.

The city of Bitola is the administrative center of the Municipality of Bitola which occupies an area of 78.795 ha and has 66 populated places with more than 100.000 inhabitants.

Today Bitola can again proudly carry its second name – The City of Consuls, since it again has 11 consulates from the neighboring and major European countries.

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Location

Bitola Facts

Bitola facts

bitola-logo

Where is Bitola: 
South West Macedonia
Area:
78.795 ha
Elevation:
576 m (1889.76 ft)
Population:
95.385
Climate:
Moderate continental
Dialing code:
+389 47
Postal code:
7000
Car plates:
BT
Time Zone:
CET (UTC+1)/
Summer (DST):CST (UTC+2)
Celebration day:
November 4th
City Patron saint:
St. Nektarij from Bitola
Coordinates:
41°01′55″N 21°20′05″E

Municipality of Bitola 
Address: Bul.Prvi May 61, 7000 Bitola
Phone: +389 47 234 234
Fax: +389 47 238 723
e-mail: bitola@t-home.mk

Photo Gallery - Part 1

Bitola photo gallery

Eleni Karinte house, Bitola, Macedonia
Architecture, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Sirok Sokak, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Architecture, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Sirok Sokak, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Sirok Sokak, Bitola, Macedonia

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Architecture, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Architecture, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Oficerski - House of Army, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Oficerski - House of Army, Bitola, Macedonia

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Bitola museum, Macedonia

 

Bitola museum, Macedonia

 

Bitola museum, Macedonia

 

City park, Bitola, Macedonia

 

City park, Bitola, Macedonia

 

City park, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Sirok Sokak, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

 

Sirok Sokak, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Architecture, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Sirok Sokak, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Sirok Sokak, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Sirok Sokak, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Center of culture, Bitola, Macedonia

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Center of culture, Bitola, Macedonia
Metropolitan residence, Bitola, Macedonia

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City park, Bitola, Macedonia

 

City park, Bitola, Macedonia

 

City park, Bitola, Macedonia

 

City park, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bukovo Monastery, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Clock Tower, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Clock Tower, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Clock Tower, Bitola, Macedonia

 

useum of Albanian alphabet, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Gymnasium, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Municipality of Bitola, Macedonia
Clock Tower, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Clock Tower and Monument Angel, Bitola, Macedonia
Bitola, Macedonia

 

Municipality of Bitola, Macedonia

 

Dragor River, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Dragor River, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Dragor River, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Clock Tower, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Magnolia square, Bitola, Macedonia

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Clock Tower, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Magnolia square, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Clock Tower, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Magnolia square, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

 

Pelister, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Dzepane, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola panorama, Macedonia

 

Bitola panorama, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

 

St. Atanasij, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

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Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

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Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

 

Sirok Sokak, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Sirok Sokak, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia
Bitola, Macedonia

 

Shirok Sokak, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

 

Shirok Sokak, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Clock Tower, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Shirok Sokak, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Clock Tower, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Clock Tower, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Clock Tower, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Dragor River, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia
Clock Tower, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

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Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

 

Clock Tower, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Clock Tower, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Clock Tower, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

 

Bitola, Macedonia

 

New Year decorations 2016, Bitola, Macedonia

 

New Year decorations 2016, Bitola, Macedonia

 

New Year decorations 2016, Bitola, Macedonia

 

New Year decorations 2016, Bitola, Macedonia

 

New Year decorations 2016, Bitola, Macedonia

 

New Year decorations 2016, Bitola, Macedonia

 

New Year decorations 2016, Bitola, Macedonia

 

New Year decorations 2016, Bitola, Macedonia

 

New Year decorations 2016, Bitola, Macedonia

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New Year decorations 2016, Bitola, Macedonia

 

New Year decorations 2016, Bitola, Macedonia

 

New Year decorations 2016, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Heraclea Lyncestis, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Heraclea Lyncestis, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Heraclea Lyncestis, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Heraclea Lyncestis, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Heraclea Lyncestis, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Clock Tower, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Clock Tower, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Clock Tower, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Macedonian flag, Bitola, Macedonia
City park, Bitola, Macedonia

 

City park, Bitola, Macedonia

 

City park, Bitola, Macedonia

 

City park, Bitola, Macedonia

 

City park, Bitola, Macedonia

 

City park, Bitola, Macedonia

 

City park, Bitola, Macedonia

 

City park, Bitola, Macedonia

 

City park, Bitola, Macedonia

 

Promenade, Bitola city park, Macedonia

 

Promenade, Bitola city park, Macedonia

 

Bitola city park, Macedonia

 

Bitola city park, Macedonia

 

Bitola city park, Macedonia

 

Bitola city park, Macedonia

 

Bitola city park, Macedonia

 

Bitola city park, Macedonia

 

Bitola city park, Macedonia

 

Bitola city park, Macedonia

 

Bitola city park, Macedonia

 

Bitola city park, Macedonia

 

Bitola city park, Macedonia