The Balkan wars 1912-1913 and especially the First World War, brought great destruction and misery in the city of Bitola. In the First World War (WW1), Bitola lied on the actual Macedonian front line and the city was bombarded daily during 1917. Many experts claim that Verden and Bitola (than Monastir, Monastiri in some sources) were the two most bombarded cities in WW1.
Between the two world wars, with Macedonia as part of the kingdom of Serbs, Croatians and Slovenes, Bitola lost its strategic importance and expansion momentum, but also for the first time in its history the further development of Bitola was planned, according to urban development strategy.
In 1948 Bitola had population of 31.761 and in 1991 in Bitola lived 84.002 people. In the following year there is evident decline in the number of population due to declined birth rate and emigration of the population in other countries. According to the 2002 census in Bitola live 74.550, among which 66.038 are from the Macedonian ethnic entity, 2.360 Albanians, 1.562 Turks, 2.577 Roma, 997 Vlachs, 499 Serbs, 20 Bosniacs and 497 other.
The city of Bitola is administrative center of the Municipality of Bitola which occupies and area of 78.795 ha and has 66 populated places with more than 100.000 inhabitants.
Within the city operate factories from the textile, leather, agricultural, machine, electro and other industry. Bitola is second largest administrative, political, cultural, educational and health center in Republic of Macedonia.
Today Bitola can again proudly carry its second name – The City of Consuls, since it again has 11 consulates from the neighboring and major European countries.
In the educational area, today Bitola has 23 kindergartens, 10 primary and 7 secondary schools. Since 1979 in Bitola exist the University St. Kliment Ohridski which is consisted of several faculties and research institutions.
Some of the major institutions from the cultural area are the Dome of Culture, The university library St. Kliment Ohridski, Bitola museum, Historical archive and others.
Bitola also has clinical hospital “D-r Trifun Panovski” with 14 specialist departments.
If you are planning to visit Bitola, you must not miss the ancient city Heraclea lyncestis, the church St. Dimitrij, Ajdar Kadi mosque, Isak Celebi mosque, Bezisten (the covered bazaar), The Clock tower, old Bazar esc.
Where is Bitola:
South West Macedonia
576 m (1889.76 ft)
Summer (DST):CST (UTC+2)
City Patron saint:
St. Nektarij from Bitola
Municipality of Bitola
Address: Bul.Prvi May 61, 7000 Bitola
Phone: +389 47 234 234
Fax: +389 47 238 723
Bitola photo gallery