You are currently viewing Building of the Museum (former school of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk) in Bitola

Building of the Museum (former school of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk) in Bitola

The building in which today is housed the Bitola museum was built as a military school in 1848 when the city of Bitola (Monastir) was a military, administrative, political, and commercial center of the then European Turkey.



In 1900 with the relocation of the Military Academy from Constantinople to Bitola, this building became a Military Academy and as such works until 1909. From 1909 to 1912 it served as a high military school – military gymnasium.

Among famous cadets who are educated in this facility were: Mustafa Kemal Ataturk – the founder and first president of the modern Republic of Turkey, Ali Feti Bey and Nijazi Bey leader of the Young Turk revolution in 1908.

Among the well-known professors of the Military Academy was Mehmed Tefik Bay, who wrote the book: “Кратка историја на Битолскиот вилает: споменар во чест на доаѓањето на милиот и слободоумен султан во лулката на слободатa” (A Brief History of the Bitola Vilayet: a diary in honor of the arrival of loving and minded Sultan in the cradle freedom” in 1911 on the occasion of the visit of Sultan Reshad V in Bitola.

From the Balkan wars until 1974, the building was used as a military barracks.

By a decision of the Assembly of the Municipality of Bitola in 1976, the object gets a new purpose and within is located the institution – Institute for Protection of Cultural Monuments and Natural Rarities, or as it is known today – NI Institute and Museum of Bitola.




In architectural terms, the building is a synthesis of Western European and Oriental architecture. Simple and humble neo-renaissance style facades and basic functional conception of the building complements Oriental stylistic elements of windows, entrances, and facades.