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Galichica mountain

Galichica is a high mountain in the southern part of Macedonia, which due to its natural beauties, the characteristic flora and fauna in 1958 was declared a national park.
Galicica is situated between Ohrid and Prespa lakes, and its highest point is the peak of Magaro 2255 meters above sea level.

National Park Galicica covers an area of 25,000 ha, of which approximately 11% is privately owned.
The lowest point is the level of Ohrid Lake 695 meters above sea level and the level of Lake Prespa is 850 meters above sea level.

Galichica mountain has a relief with deep valleys and steep slopes toward the two lakes.
Geological surface and morphology of the mountain made a big impact on increasing landscape and aesthetic values of the park and represent one of the conditions for the emergence of high biodiversity and characteristic of wildlife.

Water permeability of the limestone layer made Galichica one of the driest in the mountains of Macedonia. In its regions there are only a few permanent sources with very low yield. Sometimes in years with heavy snowfall in spring emerge water sources, which eventually dry up in summer.

Unlike the mountainous area, the coastal Ohrid area is rich in water sources. Most characteristic is the source near the monastery of St. Naum.

On the border of the national park near Ohrid are located Biljana springs “Biljanini Izvori” which are one of the most visited places on the coast.

The flora in the National park Galichica is extremely rich and unique and are recorded over one thousand plant species, of which 176 of wooden flora representing 58.4% of Macedonian native tree species. Of particular importance for protection is the presence of a large number of relics that Galichica in the past often served as a venue where found shelter before hitting the ice age. Of these the most important are those from pliocenic and managed to survive four periods of Pleistocene ice. Such are Morina persica, Stipa mayeri, Ramonda nathaliae and Phelipaea boissieri and others.

Unlike flora fauna in the national park has barely been studied. This is especially true of invertebrates whose number is certainly very large and that is characteristic of this mountain, which with its features requires the emergence of high biodiversity. Unlike invertebrates, vertebrates are recorded and partially understood. The national park is covered 171 species of vertebrates without fish, 10 amphibians, 18 reptiles, 124 birds and 19 mammals.

The presence of chamois, lynx and bear the mammals that are rare in other parts of Europe and the great and little cormorant and pelican of birds that naturally inhabit Lake Island Lake and Big City.