heraclea lyncestis bitola macedonia

Heraclea is mentioned by most of the ancient writers: Polybius, Strabo, Caesar and others.,  in all itinerariums (Itinerarium Antonini and others.) in Tabula Peutingeriana as station on the road Heraclea – Stobi.

Open hours: Every day 08.00 – 16.00
On Monday there are no guided tours

Heraclea is mentioned in historical sources as a city that was established by Philip II of Macedon, around the middle of the IV century BC. In its intention to extend the Macedonian state, Philip II in the border areas erected fortified cities, which served as the cornerstone of war and cultural expansion.

Two centuries later, exactly in year 168 BC, Heraclea falls under the authority of the Roman Empire.

Heraclea during Roman rule has developed as the center of the fertile province and place of junction of Via Egnatia with the road that led from north – Stobi, across Stibera.
Significant economic boom, Heraclea experienced especially in the beginning of the second century to the middle of the III century AD, during the joint rule of Septimie Sever and Caracalla, when it bears the name Heraclea Septimia Aurelio.
According to an honorary inscription, found in the ancient settlement, Heraclea was governed on Greek-Macedonian way.
In the early Byzantine time Heraclea became the seat of a bishopric, and center place of the new Christian faith.

heraclea bitola macedonia 10 - Heraclea Lyncestis, ancient city near Bitola

heraclea theater - Heraclea Lyncestis, ancient city near Bitola

heraclea small basilika - Heraclea Lyncestis, ancient city near Bitola

Heraclea is mentioned in the fifth century in connection with the invasion of eastern Goths in lllyric. In year 479, Theodoric with his Goths comes in lllyric, destroys Stobi and again is in Heraclea. According to the statements, Theodoric left town alone because the bishop from Heraclea has sent him gifts. Later he still robbed and burned the town, and went through the road Via Egnatia to ancient Lychnidos (present Ohrid).
Finally according to a record from, the acts of the Council of Constantinople in 553, for the first time is mentioned Heraclea, with the epithet Pelagoniae. Among the participants of the council mentioned is Bishop of Heraclea Benigus. Name Pelagoniae only was used as evidence that in Heraclea is built residential area on the southern outskirts of Bitola today.
During its thousand years of existence and unfettered development, Heraclea passed, Macedonian, Roman and Byzantine era of the ancient civilization.

heraclea baptistery - Heraclea Lyncestis, ancient city near Bitola

heraclea episcopal - Heraclea Lyncestis, ancient city near Bitola

City of Heraclea, like any ancient city was protected with city walls and towers from various barbaric attacks.
In the western sector of today Heraclea, fully is revealed the great Byzantine three nave basilica, the narthex and porch, as the annexes to the south and north side. The floors of the church and the other rooms are covered with mosaic, which derive various geometric and other figures from the flora and fauna. Mosaics, discovered on the floor of the narthex of the Great Basilica (1963 and 1964) are distinguished by their artistic qualities and iconographic peculiarities. In iconographic terms these mosaic decorations have cosmic significance in accordance with the idea that the church is a microcosm, or Christian universe, in an unusual variant.

heraclea mosaic chamber 3 - Heraclea Lyncestis, ancient city near Bitola

heraclea mosaic large basilica - Heraclea Lyncestis, ancient city near Bitola

heraclea mosaic libtrary - Heraclea Lyncestis, ancient city near Bitola

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