Kratovo (Кратово) city, Macedonia

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Kratovo – the city of towers and bridges is located in the north east part of the Republic of Macedonia with 6.924 inhabitants (2002).

Kratovo lies on the western slopes of Osogovo Mountain, on both sides of the Kratovska River, at the bottom of an extinct volcanic crater, at an altitude of about 700 m. It covers an area of 220 ha and has a moderate continental climate with an average annual air temperature of 11,6 ° C (52.88 F) and the average amount of rainfall of 700 mm.

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Kratovo is considered one of the oldest urban settlements. Under the name, Cratiscara is mentioned in Roman time and under the name Koritos during Byzantium.

In the Middle Ages, it was an important mining and commercial center in which people from Dubrovnik had its own trading colony. Apart from the local population of Kratovo, tradesman from Dubrovnik, there were also and Sassi who have dealt with mining, and from Kratovo mines received lead, zinc, silver, gold, copper, and iron.

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The stay of the Sassi is confirmed with some topographic names and also this goes for the people from Dubrovnik – (Latin) stream Latishnica. The intense mining continued during the Turks. In the XVI and XVIII c. Here silver coins were made.

After the Austro-Turkish War of 1689 to 1690 and Karposh uprising, the city was destroyed, and mine shafts closed. At the beginning of the XIX c. center of mining becomes Zletovo and in Kratovo completely ceases mining activity.

At the end of XIX c. in Kratovo lived 4,500 residents of whom a significant number were Turks.

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In 1912 a large part of the Turks is moved and Kratovo turns into a small urban settlement. In 1931 it had only 1.883 inhabitants.

Kratovo is the seat of the Kratovo Municipality, which covers an area of 37,544 ha, has 31 settlements with 10,441 inhabitants.

The population is mainly employed in the mining industry.

Kratovo has preserved more houses in old town architecture, attractive one nave stone bridges among the most prominent ones being Radin, Johchiski, and Charsiski (bazaar) Bridge and medieval towers of which 6 are known Simikjevata, Haji Kostovata and Emin Bey Tower.

In the city, there is a gymnasium, an art gallery, and a health center.

Location

Kratovo Facts

Kratovo Facts

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Where is Kratovo: Nort East Macedonia
Area: 37,544 ha
Elevation: 700 m (2296 ft)
Population: 10,441
Climate: Moderate continental
Dialing code: +389  31
Postal code: 1360
Time Zone: CET (UTC+1)
Summer (DST):CST (UTC+2)
Celebration day: February 24th
Coordinates: 42°04′N 22°11′E

Municipality of Kratovo
Address:  Plostad Marshal Tito, 1360 Kratovo
Phone: +389 31 481 202
Fax: +389 31 481 202
e-mail:opstina_kratovo@yahoo.com

 

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