Kumanovo is city in the northern part of the Republic of Macedonia with 78,602 inhabitants. (2002).
Located in the central part of Kumanovo Field (Zhegligovo), on both sides of Kumanovska River, at an altitude of about 330 m. It covers an area of 1886 ha. Has a moderate continental climate with an average annual air temperature of 11.8 ° C (53,24 F) and an average annual rainfall of 543 mm.
Kumanovo is an important traffic node in northern Republic of Macedonia. Through it passes the international road E-75 and international railway line linking north to the valley of Morava and the south to the valley of the Vardar river.
Regional road leading towards the east and connects with Kriva Palanka and Sofia, and such road exists to the southeast towards Sveti Nikole, Stip.
As settlement Kumanovo is referred to in the XIV century.
The name probably derives from the tribe Kumani, which had came from the Caucasus (River Kuma), the late X-XI century. As urban settlement it began to develop in the XVIII century. According to the description of Evliya Çelebi in 1660 there were 600 houses, a mosque, shops, madrassa, An, hammam and many stores.
In the Austro-Turkish War (1689) in Kumanovo Karpos was declared as “King of Kumanovo”. After the bloody suppression of the uprising by the Turks, the population decreased significantly.
By the end of the XVIII century. there was a predominantly agrarian physiognomy with around 300 houses. Ami Bue noted that there are about 3,000 inhabitants (1836), and was known as a rich livestock marketplace.
In the development of the city a significant impact had the state road construction Skopje – Kumanovo – Vranje in the seventh decade of the XIX c. and special commissioning Moravsko – Vardar Railway (1888). Then Kumanovo became an important center migration, from Ioannina migrate Greeks and Vlachs from Krusevo and one quarter is called Veles, because many of the families here have come from Veles.