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Macedonia – interesting facts about Macedonia

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There are many historical and archaeological findings that have confirmed the numerous facts of great importance to the Balkans, Europe and the world originating from Macedonia.
Here are some of those unique and distinctive interesting facts about Macedonia:

Fact 1

Ancient Macedonia was the first organized state in the Balkans and beyond that had established borders;

Map of the Kingdom of Macedon at the death of Philip II in 336 BC.
Map of the Kingdom of Macedon at the death of Philip II in 336 BC. (

Fact 2

Philip II of Macedon and Alexander III of Macedon (the Great) were the first rulers to introduce the following military parts: infantry, cavalry, and navy;

Philip II

Fact 3

The Macedonian Phalanx was the most disciplined and trained army armed with long spears unknown until that time. It fought for several decades, often fighting battles with armies that outnumbered them by several times, but they didn’t lose a battle;


Fact 4

Ancient Macedonia, as the first European empire, introduced specific objectives and behaviors towards the oppressed peoples, such as: respect for the cultures of those conquered: absence of violence and plunder of those who voluntarily agreed to join the Empire; establishing specific national characteristics and organizing special defense on its territories;


Fact 5

Macedonians were the first people in Europe to accept Christianity as their religion which was later spread throughout Europe and to Asia;

Holy Mary Perybleptos (St. Clement) – Ohrid, Macedonia
Holy Mary Perybleptos church (St. Clement) – Ohrid, Macedonia

Fact 6

Saints Cyril and Methodius were brothers who came from Macedonia and translated Christian religious texts using the Glagolic alphabet which they had devised, and that alphabet had its roots in Macedonia as well.

ohrid-macedonia- 4

Fact 7

The first Macedonian (Slavic Speaking) University was opened in Ohrid from where, in addition to Christianity, a the Macedonian culture was developed and spread;

Ohrid Plaosnik

Fact 8

Some of the first Renaissance paintings were drawn in Macedonia. The lamentation of Christ fresco (in the church Saint Panteleimon in Nerezi near Skopje) is described as being a fusion of life and death in a single image as Mary movingly mourns Jesus, cradling him between her legs. Graham-Dixon reminds that these frescoes from the 1160s precede Giotto’s similar emotional frescoes from the Arena Chapel in Padua, circa 1305. He concludes “…the Byzantine east played a much more formative role in the development of renaissance art than Vasari was prepared to concede (


Fact 9

Kokino (Кокино) is the fourth oldest astronomical observatory in the world. It is a complex prehistoric archaeological site (2000 BC), on the territory of Municipality Staro Nagorichane near Kumanovo.

Fact 10

The Alshar deposit is one of the rare mineral deposits by the use of which science can reveal the secrets related to the origin of the universe;

Fact 11

Macedonia is the homeland of Aleksandar III of Macedon (the Great) who, along with his father Philip II of Macedonia, is a prominent person whose contributions are declared to be landmarks in the history of waging wars and military tactics, and he is unparalleled thus far as a commander;

Alexander the Great

Fact 12

The most famous woman in the history of mankind – Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt, had Macedonian origin;

Fact 13

One of the most famous Byzantine rulers, Justinian, whose legal provisions are taught today in all the universities worldwide, was born in the village Taor (TAURESIUM) near Skopje;


Fact 14

MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATURK, “the father” of modern Turkey, was born in Thessaloniki, and later lived and studied in “Monastir”, today BITOLA the second largest city in Macedonia;

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk memorial room in Bitola Museum

Fact 15

Skopje is the hometown of Mother Teresa, one of the most humanitarian women in the world.

skopje mother teresa memorial house

The text is excerpt from the book: “George Atanasovski Monograph” by Slave Nikolovski Katin