Ohrid in 1913 – Photo gallery from Albert Kahn museum

Ohrid in 1913 – Photo gallery from Albert Kahn museum

Intro

In 1909 the millionaire French banker and philanthropist Albert Kahn embarked on an ambitious project to create a color photographic record of, and for, the peoples of the world.

As an idealist and an internationalist, Kahn believed that he could use the new Autochrome process, the world’s first user-friendly, true-colour photographic system, to promote cross-cultural peace and understanding.

Until recently, Kahn’s huge collection of 72,000 Autochromes remained relatively unheard of. Now, a century after he launched his project, this book and the BBC TV series it accompanies are bringing these dazzling pictures to a mass audience for the first time and putting color into what we tend to think of as an entirely monochrome age.

Albert Kahn (1860-1940)
Albert Kahn (1860-1940)

Kahn sent photographers to more than 50 countries(including Macedonia), often at crucial junctures in their history, when age-old cultures were on the brink of being changed forever by war and the march of twentieth-century globalization. They documented in true color the collapse of the Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian empires, the last traditional Celtic villages in Ireland, and the soldiers of the First World War.
In Macedonia were sent the photographers August León and Jean Brin, in 1912-1913 during the Balkan Wars.

The photos in this article are excerpt from the publication: Macedonia in 1913 –
Autochromes from the collection of the Museum Albert Khan / Organizers:
Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Macedonia, Museum of the City of Skopje, Museum Albert Khan, French Cultural Center from Skopje, Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments and National Museum Ohrid,  Institute for Protection of Monuments of Culture. Museum and Gallery Bitola, French Alliance from Bitola.

Part 1

Ohrid

Part of the Varoch district in Ohrid. In the background, the church of St. Clement (Holy Mary Perybleptos) can be seen.

2


Samoilova Street in Ohrid, Macedonia in 1913

Samoilova Street in Ohrid

3


The central street Samoilova in Ohrid, with houses of the late nineteenth century, Ohrid in 1913The central street Samoilova in Ohrid, with houses of the late nineteenth century


4

Ohrid

The Church of St. Sophia which in the sixteenth century was transformed into a mosque and later a depot, Ohrid in 1913

The Church of St. Sophia which in the sixteenth century was transformed into a mosque and later a depot

5


The Church of St. Sophia which in the sixteenth century was transformed into a mosque and later a depot, Ohrid in 1913The Church of St. Sophia which in the sixteenth century was transformed into a mosque and later a depot

6


A fresco from Saint Sophia Church., Ohrid in 1913

A fresco from Saint Sophia Church.

7

A boat that was used for fishing, but also for excursions on Lake Ohrid. Since it is equipped with a mobile covered bridge, it is likely that it was prepared for an excursion on the lake. This element was removed when fishing. Ohrid in 1913

A boat that was used for fishing, but also for excursions on Lake Ohrid. Since it is equipped with a mobile covered bridge, it is likely that it was prepared for an excursion on the lake. This element was removed when fishing.

8

9


View of Ohrid old town, Macedonia in 1913View of Ohrid old town

10

Ohrid

Varosh neighborhood in Ohrid, Macedonia in 1913Varosh neighborhood in Ohrid

11


A street next to the Saint Sophia church. At the corner of the street there is a house with a tavern on the ground floor. The house dates from the end of the 19th century. Ohrid in 1913

A street next to the Saint Sophia church. At the corner of the street there is a house with a tavern on the ground floor. The house dates from the end of the 19th century.

12

Ohrid

The hotel Thessaloniki or Solun which, among the inhabitants of Ohrid, was known as "Kaj Baba Kata". Katerina Zarceva was the owner of this hotel built around the end of the 19th century., Ohrid in 1913The hotel Thessaloniki or Solun which, among the inhabitants of Ohrid, was known as “Kaj Baba Kata”. Katerina Zarceva was the owner of this hotel built around the end of the 19th century.


A Turkish house in Ohrid, Macedonia in 1913

A Turkish house in Ohrid


Men in traditional costumes. Their caps allows differentiating between them. Turkish are with red caps, the Albanians with white caps and the Macedonians with the black caps. Macedonia in 1913Men in traditional costumes. Their caps allows differentiating between them. Turkish are with red caps, the Albanians with white caps and the Macedonians with the black caps.