Plaoshnik and St. Clement’s Church
Plaosnik is archeological complex is the heart of Ohrid and one of the most sacred places in Macedonia.
According to the archaeological findings, this space has been inhabited since the beginning of time – beginning in the late Bronze Age and throughout the late medieval period.
In ancient times in this area was the city of Lychnidos, and there were several temples on Plaoshnik, including the temple dedicated to the God Dionis.
In the 4th and 5th century, Lychnidos was the Episcopal center of the Macedonian-Roman province New Epirus, and on the ruins of the old pagan temples new early Christian basilicas were built.
The central figure connected to Plaosnik is St. Clement, a Slavic episcope who at the end of the 9th century rebuilt the old church.
St. Clement led the Ohrid Literary School, and it is considered that he founded the first Slavic University in Europe, dating back since the 10th century.
Today’s church in the center of Plaoshnik is, in fact, the restored Clement’s church (St. Pantelejmon). The renewal of the church was made on the foundations of the old church from the 9th century, and the same original materials were used.
The remains of St. Clement have been transferred to this church.
In the surrounding, the restoration of the St. Clement University is in progress.
Today, Plaosnik is one of the most visited tourist sites in Ohrid.