Prilep (Прилеп) is a city in the western part of the Republic of Macedonia with 69,704 inhabitants (2002).
Located in the northeast Pelagonia plain, on Prilepska River, near Mukos and Dren Mountains, at an altitude between 620 and 680 m.
Prilep covers an area of 1,540 ha. has a moderate continental climate with an average annual air temperature of 11.2 ° C (52,16 F), and average annual precipitation amount of 556 mm.
During the migration of Slavs in Macedonia, in Prilep a new urban settlement was formed. The Slavs gave the city its present name, “Prilep”, which in translation means “Glued” – to the side of the mountain.
At the time of Tsar Samuel, the city is mentioned as a specified place and its capital. In the beginning of the XI century is recorded under the name of Prilep.
In the Middle Ages, Prilep appears as an important trade center and capital city of King Volkasin and his son King Marko (Krale Marko).
During the Otoman conquest, the city of Prilep surrendered without a fight, and the Turks as new authorities settled in the plain part.
In the XIX century, Prilep is known for the great festival that lasted 25 days, the city had 2,800 houses, 1,100 shops, 26 inns, 10 mosques and others.
At the time of the Balkan wars in Prilep lived 22,000 inhabitants.
On October 11, 1941 in Prilep was organized the uprising against the fascist occupation. In memory of eight thousand soldiers and 15 national heroes of the Second World War, in 1956 Prilep was named “Prilep – City Hero”.
After liberation, the population grew rapidly and today Prilep is the fourth largest city in the Republic of Macedonia.
The majority of the population, 64,756 residents are Macedonians, Roma minority (4.379), Serbs (162) Turks (123).
The city of Prilep is the administrative center of Municipality of Prilep, which covers an area of 119,444 ha, with 59 settlements and total of 76,768 inhabitants.
Prilep is known as the city of tobacco. In its environment high quality tobacco is produced, known in the world under the name “Prilep”. The first building for storing tobacco in Macedonia was built in Prilep in 1873, and today the city has a large cigarette factory. Also developed are the textile, food, machinery and metals processing industry. Besides the high school and secondary vocational schools, Prilep has and Economics faculty, National Museum, Memorial Museum “October 11”, Museum of the Second World War, Tobacco Museum, Historical Archives, Undefeated Hall and others.
Every year in Prilep the International Art Colony and the Theatre Festival “Vojdan Cernodrinski” are held.
From several years ago, Prilep hosts the famous beer festival “Pivo Fest Prilep” (Beer Festival Prilep) which is held every summer in mid-July.