Stobi (Стоби, Στο’βοι,) is an urban settlement from ancient times located on the place where Black River (Црна Река, Erigon) enters into the Vardar River (Вардар, Axios).
The site was crossed by important routes in the Balkans (Thessalonica, Sirmium, Heraclea Linkestis, Stobi, Pautalija, Serdica).
National Institution for Management of the Archaeological Site of Stobi – NI Stobi
Address: Archaeological site Stobi, 1420 Gradsko, Macedonia
Tel: +389 43 251 026
Fax: +389 43 251 050
Stoby was mapped to the famous Tabula Peutingeriana so that European explorers in the mid XIX century easily found its position. Archaeological excavations have been launched since the First World War and with occasional interruptions they are carried until today.
Although Stobi in the science is primarily known as antique and early Byzantine city, the archaeological findings provide evidence of continued life in that place since prehistoric eras.
From the deepest layers derived fragments of pottery with typological and stylistic features of the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age (XIII – IX century BC).
On many places are found samples of pottery and bronze jewelry developed in Iron Age (VIII – VI century BC), and certain graves dating from Classical Antiquity, and the centuries that immediately followed.
The oldest literary data for Stobi gave the Roman historian Titus Livius, noting the military victory of the Macedonian king Philip V over the Dardanian conquerors “near Stobi” in 197 BC. According to Livius, Stobi was “old city” and todays archeology confirms it.
Immediately after the occupation of Macedonia by the Romans in 168 BC, Stobi became the center for salt farmers from north regions. Then, the city has been extended only to the highest part of the site, a small area of 3.5 to 4 acres.
Statue of Emperor Hadrian, marble, early II century
Statue of Herkulanka, marble, beginning of II century
During the August Octavian Stobi suddenly expanded to 20 acres, received new fortification framework and status of Oppidum civium Romanorum, and the 69th year already had a municipal administrative rank, which is marked by the copper money – Stobi Mint, which worked until early III century.