vrbjanska cuka

Vrbjanska Chuka (Врбјанска Чука) archaeological site in Krivogashtani

The site Vrbjanska Chuka (Врбјанска Чука) near the village Slavej (Славеј) was discovered in 1977 and it is known by the monumental “altar” discovered in a house.

The settlement is located about 2 km south-east of the modern road Prilep – Krusevo.

Archaeological surveys were conducted from 1979 to 1989, and it was noted the existence of Neolithic settlement of mound type. Also were revealed more residential buildings and parts of houses, damaged  number of medieval pits. The Neolithic period is characterized by luxuriously crafted dishes, baked red, rough large vessels, and various cult objects – altars.
Particularly interesting is dish-shaped turtle adorned with many geometrical circular red and white ornaments. Turtle in Neolithic period in Pelagonia (Пелагонија) was Totem, revered for its feature everywhere to wear their “home” in which they continuously lived in.
Thus was created the cult of the Great Mother, the main cult in Neolithic Macedonia with characteristic altars.
The site was intermittently inhabited in Roman and medieval times. This is illustrated by the numerous fragments of pottery and roof tiles – tegulars metal objects and coins found during the excavations. Life at the site took place from the middle of III to VI.
Six graves are found on the site without findings derived from the medieval period. Discovered are more than 60 circular tanks which according to archaeological material found in them, probably served to store food. And they date back to the medieval period.
Past results of research on the Neolithic settlement Vrbjanska Chuka has also included among the most important archaeological sites in Pelagonija the Neolithic period, or the VI-th millenium BC Archaeological finds are stored in the National Museum in Prilep.

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