Kajmakcalan (Кајмакчалан) – WW1 location on Nidze mountain

- Advertisement -




- Advertisement -


With the conquest of Kajmakcalan, the Entente armies were allowed to continue with further operations, in which on November 19, 1916 they have conquered Bitola (Monastir).



According to some sources, immediately after the Kajmakcalan Battle, given the large number of casualties on both sides, the soldiers started to build some kind of memorial on the peak. The chapel, with the nearby ossuary which houses the bones of many unknown soldiers, the Bell tower and the facilities were finished in 1928, marking the 10th anniversary of the end of First World War. On that occasion also was put into service the road leading from Bitola to Kajmakcalan.

Rudolphe Archibald Reiss

Rudolphe Archibald Reiss (8 July 1875 – 8 August 1929) was a German-Swiss criminology-pioneer, forensic scientist, professor, writer and correspondent for newspapers in several countries, reporting the events directly from the front.

Archibald Reiss

At the request of the Serbian government, he arrives in Serbia in 1914 to investigate the crimes against civilians, made by the armies of Austria-Hungary, Germany and Bulgaria. He remained in Serbia until the end of his life.
Last time he visited Kajmakcalan on September 15 1928, marking the 10th anniversary of the Dobro Pole Battle.
R. A. Reiss died on August 8, 1929 in his villa in Belgrade called “Dobro Pole” and he was buried at the Topcider cemetery. At his request his heart was taken away in an urn on the peak Kajmakčalan, where it rested along with other soldiers that died here. The heart today is missing but the urn can still be seen into the chapel.

Origin of the name Kajmakcalan

The legend says that the name was given according to the thief “Kajmak” (the best), who climbed at the peak with his fellows, carrying the stolen gold from the raids. Kajmak, dug out a hole and hid the gold, after which the leader of group killed Kajmak and said that in this way he will be eternal keeper of the buried treasure. (Kajmakcalan – literally translation: Kajmak+calam = the best in stealing). There are also other legends and stories for the toponym Kajmakcalan.

Kajmakcalan today (photo gallery)











How to get to Kajmakcalan

Visit Kajmakcalan – 4×4 Off Road Experience – Find out More >>>



- Advertisement -

Must Read

Sv. Arhangeli village Kuceviste

The church dedicated to St. Archangels Michael and Gabriel is located northwest of the village Kuceviste, in the picturesque valley of the Kuceviska river on extended plateau. In historical documents the monastery is mentioned in seventeenth century.